Emericella nidulans (also exists as Aspergillus nidulans) Emericella nidulans is a widespread soil fungus. Indoors it is found in carpet and mattress dust and decomposing wood. Health Effects Associated with Emericella nidulans Emericella nidulans has been reported as a causative agent of aspergillosis in humans and animals. Emericella nidulans poses inhalation and deep skin (dermal) […]


Curvularia is a species of mold that relate mostly to subtropical and tropical plant parasites. However, three ubiquitous species have been recovered from human infections, principally from cases of mycotic keratitis. These are Curvularia lunata, Curvularia pallescens and Curvularia geniculata. Curvularia lunata Curvularia lunata is a widespread contaminant of seed crops. Indoors it is common […]

Cladosporium: A Trigger for Asthmatic Attacks

Cladosporium, a well known trigger for asthmatic attacks, is one of the most widespread molds. It includes about 40 species naturally found in soil, on decaying plant material and as plant pathogens. Several studies conducted in Europe and North America have shown that Cladosporium spores are present in the outdoor environment throughout the year. However, […]


Chrysonilia sitophila has a wide distribution. It is commonly referred to as “red bread mould”. It has been isolated from carpet and mattress dust. Health Effects Associated With Chrysonilia sitophila Chrysonilia sitophila poses health risk related to major barrier breaks such as corneal perforation, major surgery, peritoneal or venous catheter presence, and injection drug use. […]


Chaetomium is a cellulolytic mould commonly found in soil, air, and decaying plant material. There are about 80 species of Chaetomium. The most common ones are Chaetomium atrobrunneum, C.  funicola, C. globosum, and C. murorum. In indoor environments the most common species of Chaetomium is Chaetomium globosum. C. globosum  is frequently isolated in water-damaged buildings […]


Aureobasidium pullulans is a spoilage organism, especially a deteriogenic agent of painted surfaces. It is a commonly encountered species in wet buildings. Aureobasidium pullulans is both a soil and leaf (phylloplane) fungus. In indoor environments, it is very common on wet wood and window frames, in floor, carpet, and mattress dust, damp walls, and in […]

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